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Himno Ng Apoy Sa Gubat Ng Dilim

9 Hul

Himno Ng Apoy Sa Gubat Ng Dilim

CAMBA RAFAL MONTALBAN

Cover and illustration inside by Emil Yap
Introduction by Rogelio Ordóñez

P220 lang

Launch is on the 13th of July
sa PUP.

For more details, ABANGAN.

Rogelio L. Ordoñez. Makata ng Bayan.

25 Hun

An Act Declaring May 22 of every year as Freedom of Expression Day in Commemoration of National Artist for Film Lino Brocka

24 May

HOUSE BILL No.  4713 

Introduced by Reps.  TEDDY A. CASIÑO and NERI JAVIER COLMENARES

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Almost a decade ago, on film legend Lino Brocka’s 10th Death Anniversary, friends and admirers dubbed May 22 as an unofficial Freedom of Expression Day, in commemoration of Brocka’s unwavering crusade for freedom of artistic and intellectual expression.

Brocka, once a member of the Constitutional Commission that drafted the 1987 Philippines Constitution, has been credited for putting the phrase “freedom of expression” in the Bill of Rights.

After his father’s untimely death, Brocka (born on April 3, 1939) became a houseboy, a working student and an odd job worker before getting a shot at filmmaking. He got into the University of the Philippines through a scholarship and had wanted to become an actor for a drama club, but because of his “probinsyano” background, he was relegated as stage hand.

Determined to get into theater, he later joined the Philippine Educational Theater Association (PETA) where he worked as errand boy and then as scriptwriter. He got his biggest break when he was asked to direct Mars Ravelo’s comics Wanted: Perfect Mother into a film. It became a big hit, paving the way for him to later start his own movie company.

Brocka is known for masterpieces showing graphic depictions of social injustice. His movies centered on characters living in poverty and a prejudiced society. These include award-winning films Tinimbang Ka Ngunit Kulang, Maynila: Sa Kuko ng Liwanag, Insiang and Jaguar.

Directing at the time of Martial Law, Brocka’s Bayan Ko: Kapit sa Patalim was deemed subversive by the Marcos administration and was heavily censored with all rally scenes deleted. It underwent a legal battle but was later smuggled into France and was shown at the 1985 Cannes Film Festival and won several awards at the Gawad Urian. The Marcos regime ordered Brocka’s arrest but he was later released.

It was during that time that he founded the Concerned Artists of the Philippines (CAP) to encourage more artists to address societal issues and oppose government repression.

In 1986, he was selected as member of the Constitutional Commission. He fought to insert the freedom of expression clause and is credited for the Constitution’s Article III, Section 4 which reads, “No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.”

A couple of years later, he collaborated with Pete Lacaba and directed Orapronobis (Fight For Us) which criticized the violation of human rights and the support for vigilantes by the new administration. Like Bayan Ko, it was banned for commercial exhibition but received 22 citations from international and local award-giving bodies.

All throughout his career, Brocka was known as a non-compromising visionary that used controversial political and sexually loaded scenes in films that criticized the prevailing norms and pushed for the rights of workers, the LGBT community and Filipinos in general.

Brocka was a legendary director not just because of his technical brilliance but because of his unwavering principles and political consciousness which in turn pushed him to create films that made viewers aware and critical of the conditions around them. He deviated from the commercial format and chose stories not because they were bankable but because they were worth telling.

Brocka died on May 22, 1991 after a fatal car accident. He was given a posthumous distinction as National Artist for Film.

As a tribute to Brocka and the efforts of his close friends and admirers in not only commemorating the life of a truly gifted artist, but also the fight for freedom expression, this bill aims to formalize the declaration of May 22 as Freedom of Expression Day.

In establishing a freedom of expression day, this bill hopes to impart the importance of freedom of expression in pursuing democracy.

This bill further seeks to encourage more people to oppose censorship and repression, as well as the practice of compromising artistic and intellectual expression for commercial purposes.

In view of the foregoing, immediate approval thereof is highly recommended.

Approved

  TEDDY A. CASIÑO                                   NERI JAVIER COLMENARES

  Bayan Muna Party-list                         Bayan Muna Party-list

——————-

Republic of the Philippines

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Quezon City

FIFTEENTH CONGRESS

First Regular Session

HOUSE BILL NO.  4713 

Introduced by Reps.  TEDDY A. CASIÑO and NERI JAVIER COLMENARES

AN ACT DECLARING

May 22 of every year as Freedom of Expression Day in Commemoration of National Artist for Film Lino Brocka

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:

SECTION 1. This Act shall be known as the “Freedom of Expression Day Act” to commemorate National Artist Lino Brocka’s contribution to the Film industry and the Filipino People as a non-compromising visionary and champion of artistic and intellectual expression.

SECTION 2. In order to commemorate Lino Brocka as a leading advocate of freedom of expression, to uphold art that sheds light on social realities and human conditions and to encourage artists and the general public to continuously struggle against repression and censorship, May 22 of every year is hereby declared as a special working holiday to be known as the “Freedom of Expression Day.”

SECTION 3. Schools, government agencies and offices and establishments in both the public and private sectors shall celebrate this observance with ceremonies and activities that demonstrate national commitment to freedom of expression, democracy, human rights and justice and that pay homage to Brocka and like-minded artists and individuals who fought against the tyranny of censorship and repression.

The National Commission for Culture and the Arts, Department of Education, Philippine Information Agency, premier state schools and universities and other art and film institutions and groups shall take the lead in establishing prominent activities and productions across the country in this regard.

SECTION 4. To ensure the meaningful observance of the holiday as herein declared, all heads of government and private facilities, offices and instrumentalities shall encourage and afford sufficient time and opportunities for their employees, personnel or students to engage and participate in any activity to mark the “Freedom of Expression Day.”

SECTION 5. The funds necessary for the implementation of this Act shall be included in the budgets of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts and Department of Education under the General Appropriations Act of the year following the enactment of this Act.

SECTION 6. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days following its publication in at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation.

Approved,

Tuition Fee Hike v.s. Magna Carta of Students

7 Abr

-Rey Tamayo, Jr.

Sa kasalukuyang takbo ng pangyayari sa ating bansa, tila baga walang katapusan ang problemang dumarating kay Juan dela Cruz.

Hindi na mapigil ang patuloy na pagsirit ng presyo ng petrolyo sa merkado, ang resulta, tumaas ang singil ng pamasahe sa mga pampublikong jeepney at bus.

Maging ang kakapusan ng supply sa bigas ay ramdam pa rin ng mga Pilipino lalo na ang mga maralitang taga lungsod. Sa sobrang taas ng presyo ng mga pangunahing bilihin, ang ilan sa ating mga kababayan ay nagtitiis sa mahabang pila upang makabili lamang ng dalawang kilong NFA rice. Na ang ilang toneladang sako ng bigas na inangkat ng gobyerno ay buhat pa sa Estados Unidos na ayon sa ilang eksperto ay (GMO) o Genetically Modified Rice na makasasama sa ating kalusugan.

Sa pagbubukas ng klase ngayong taon, panibagong krisis na naman ang kinakaharap ng ating mga kababayan. Pabigat din sa mga magulang at estudyante ang pagtaas na matrikula sa mga pribado at pampublikong eskuwelahan sa bansa.

Mariing tinutulan ng League of Filipino Students (LFS) ang biglang pagtaas ng matrikula sa bansa ngayong taon. Anila, mawawalan ng saysay ang diumano’y ‘gimik’ na moratorium ng Malacañang sa tuition fee hike sa mga State Universities and Colleges o SUCs kung hindi marerefund ang dagdag na singil sa mga nagsipagbayad nang mga mag-aaral. Nanawagan din ang grupo sa agarang pagpapatupad ng rollback sa matrikula lalo na’t lumulobo ang antas ng kahirapan at mga krisis na nararanasan sa bansa.

Iginiit naman kamakailan ni Quirino Rep. Junie Cua, senior vice chairman ng House committee on appropriations, na walang dahilan upang magtaas ng matrikula ang mga SUCs sa dahilang halos P21 bilyong pondo ang ipinagkaloob ng pamahalaan sa State Universities and Colleges para sa taong ito.

Kung taun-taon na lamang ay may nangyayaring tuition fee hike sa mga estudyante, panahon na siguro upang maisabatas ang Magna Carta of Students.

Matatandaang naging priority bill ang House Bill No. 9935 o mas lalong kilala sa tawag na Magna Carta of Students noong panahon ni dating Pangulong Fidel Ramos ngunit hindi naisabatas dahil sa ilang mga probisyon.

Ang Magna Carta of Students ay muling binuhay noong 13th Congress at sa bagong bersyon ng panukalang batas na iniakda ni Rep. Edcel Lagman (House Bill No. 17), nakasaad sa chapter 4 section 16 ng nasabing house bill na may karapatang makialaman ang mga estudyante hinggil sa pagbabago ng tuition at ibang school fees sa mga colleges at universities sa pamamagitan ng School Fee Board.

Sa ganitong paraan, hindi maaring magtaas ng tuition fee ang mga eskuwelahan ng hindi nalalaman ng School Fee Board mula sa mga mag-aaral. At isa itong alternatibo at mabisang paraan upang mapigilan ang anumang pagtatangka sa pagtataas ng matrikula.

Magugunitang noong 8th Congress pa unang isinusulong sa Kamara ang Magna Carta of Students ngunit ibinasura ito ng mga kongresista. Muling binuhay ito noong 9th, 10th, 11th at 12th Congress ngunit hindi pa rin makalusot ang nasabing panukalang batas. At sa kasalukuyan nakabinbin pa rin sa Committee on Higher and Technical Education ang pinakahuling bersyon ng Magna Carta para sa mga mag-aaral.

Sa ipinalabas na ulat ng Commission on Higher Education (CHED) noong 2002-2003 academic year, mayroong 1,470 Higher Education Institutions kung saan 1,297 ang nasa private sectors. Samantala 111 naman ang nasa public state universities and colleges, 44 local SUCs, 5 special higher education para sa military science and national defense, 12 government school at 1 CHED-supervised post-secondary education institution.

Sayang ang mga pamantasan at unibersidad na ito kung walang mga estudyanteng papasok dahil sa hindi nila kayang matustusan ang kanilang pag-aaral.

Hinggil naman sa kalidad ng edukasyon sa Pilipinas, lubhang napakalayo ng agwat natin kumpara sa ibang bansa. Sa pinakahuling survey noong nakalipas na taon ng Times Higher Education Supplement (THES), isang pahayagan na nakabase sa London at ng Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), isang international education and career development group; ang University of the Philippines(UP) ay nasa 299th spot, sinundan ng De La Salle University (DLSU)na nasa 392th spot, pangatlo ang Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU) na pang 484th spot at University of Santo Tomas (UST) na nasa pang 500th spot. Samantalata, nananatiling nasa 1st spot ang Havard University sa Estados Unidos.

Ang kailangan ng ating mga mag-aaral ay murang matrikula na may dekalidad na edukasyon tulad ng Estados Unidos at Europa at ang karapatang makisangkot sa lipunan bilang isang responsableng mamamayan.

Alam nating kayang ibigay ng gobyerno ang pangunahing pangangailangan para sa mga estudyante, ngunit kailan nila ito makakamtam?

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